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PACEs in the Criminal Justice System

Discussion and sharing of resources in working with clients involved in the criminal justice system and how screening for and treating ACEs will lead to successful re-entry of prisoners into the community and reduced recidivism for former offenders.

Juvenile Justice Resources

7 Common Characteristics of Juvenile Mental Health Courts
Source: Gains Center, SAMHSA
Description: Identifies seven common characteristics of Juvenile Mental Health Courts (JMHCs) as part of a National Institute of Justice – funded study, Assessing the Effectiveness of Juvenile Mental Health Courts as a Community Justice Strategy. These common characteristics are based on a national survey, stakeholder interviews, participant focus groups, parent/guardian focus groups, stakeholder focus groups, observations of status hearings, and extensive interviews with current participants and their guardians. These seven characteristics are applicable to any jurisdiction, regardless of size and available treatment services.

An Explanation of Trauma-Informed Care in Juvenile Justice/Courts
Source: Safe Start Center
Description: Gives basic information and resources about what is trauma-informed care and why it is necessary for courts working with children.

Children’s Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization
Source: OJJDP, Juvenile Justice Bulletin
Description: Research article.

Community Justice Concept Paper by Cook County Juvenile Justice Task Force
Source: Chicago Youth Justice
Description: This concept paper suggests funding reallocations supporting trauma-informed practices in Cook County’s juvenile justice system.
Executive summary - http://chiyouthjustice.wordpre...-justice-task-force/
Full report - http://chiyouthjustice.files.w...nty-vision-paper.pdf

Community Solutions for Youth in Trouble
Source: Texas Criminal Justice Coalition
Description: The successful programs identified in this report are county-developed and county-approved. Each program in the report has been successful even under the considerable real-world constraints that county juvenile departments face. Whether your county is struggling with mental health services, the use of seclusions and restraints, reentry planning, or some other juvenile justice concern, this report can help identify solutions that have worked for other counties like yours.

Core Principles for Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
Source: Council of State Governments- Justice Center
Description: This paper is to help guide people working in government to use research and resources to improve outcomes for youth in the criminal justice system.

The Effects of Complex Trauma on Youth: Implications for School Discipline and Court-Involved Youth
Source: Administrative Office of the Courts
Description: This AOC briefing provides information on the impact of trauma on development and discusses what this means in juvenile courts and in schools.

Get Involved: A Collection of Juvenile Justice Resources
Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Description: A list of news about and advocates for juvenile justice reform.

Healing Invisible Wounds: Why Investing in Trauma-Informed Care for Children Makes Sense
Source: Justice Policy Institute
Description: This 15-page brief provides a good set of recommendations and steps to creating a trauma-informed system for child-serving systems, law enforcement, judges and entire judicial systems to better recognize and treat trauma in children.

Identifying Polyvictimization and Trauma Among Court-Involved Children and Youth: A Checklist and Resource Guide for Attorneys and Other Court-Appointed Advocates
Source: Safe Start Center
Description: This toolkit and checklist is designed to make legal representation of children in delinquency, dependency (abuse/neglect) and other cases more focused on addressing the victimization a child client has experienced, and on how that client has been affected by multiple traumas

Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role
Source: The National Academic Press
Description: This report provides information about how bring a developmental approach to juvenile justice and OJJDP.

Juvenile Justice Reform: Creating Developmentally Informed Services of Care
Source: Voices for Children
Description: A PowerPoint download by Kayla Pope (MD, JD) at Boys Town National Research Hospital. December 6, 2012. It focuses on the need to build trauma-informed juvenile justice systems acknowledging the mental health needs and histories of youth who come through its doors.

Juvenile Justice Resource Hub
Source: Juvenile Justice Information Exchange
Description: This resource hub provides extensive information about information about all facets of juvenile justice and reform trends. It describes best practices, research, toolkits, and lists individuals and organizations with expertise on these issues.

Juvenile Justice Resource Hub: Evidence Based Practices
Source: JJIE
Description: An overview explaining evidence based practices in juvenile justice. Answers basic questions and provides some examples.
Related links:
Evidence-Based ‘Gold Standard’: Coveted, Yet Controversial:
The Evidence Behind Even The Most Highly-Regarded Treatment Models For Court-Involved Youth Isn’t Nearly As Strong As Advertised:

Juvenile Justice System Fact Sheets and Resources
Source: The National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Description: This page includes download of many resources for mental health professionals, juvenile justice professionals, judges, and attorneys. Below is a sample of some of the resources available there.
Main page -
For Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Professionals:
- Think Trauma Toolkit –
- Screening and Assessment in the Juvenile Justice System –
- Trauma and the Environment of Care in Juvenile Institutions -
- Assessing Exposure to Psychological Trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress in the Juvenile Justice Population -
- Trauma-Focused Interventions for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System –
- Victimization and Juvenile Offending -
For Judges and Attorneys:
- Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges -
- NCTSN Bench Card for the Trauma-Informed Judge -
- Ten Things Every Juvenile Court Judge Should Know About Trauma and Delinquency -

Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in Juvenile Justice Reform: Actionable Recommendations for Practice & Policy
Source: International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)
Description: Guidelines for how law enforcement can reduce juvenile crime and work with juveniles in developmentally appropriate ways.

Positive Youth Justice Initiative
Source: Sierra Health Foundation
Description: This eight-page briefing paper discusses the California program's four design elements: 1) Positive youth development; 2) Trauma-informed care; 3) Wraparound service delivery; and 4) Improved operational capacity.
Briefing paper -
Video of talk by Dr. Monique Marrow -

Project Pooch - Mission and Research
Description: Information about an Oregon-based non-profit prison dog program that matches incarcerated youth with unwanted shelter dogs. Program youth interviewed reported that they felt they had changed and improved in the areas of honesty, empathy, nurturing, social growth, understanding, self-confidence and pride of accomplishment. Zero recidivism among the Project POOCH youth interviewed.
Information about program -
Video -

PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth
Source: OJJDP
Description: Research article.

Reclaiming Futures: Communities helping teens overcome drugs, alcohol, & crime –Webinar Achieves
Source: Reclaiming Futures
Description: Hosts new webinars almost every month. ("Webinars" are presentations given live online, via the web and teleconference. They can be recorded for access at any time.) Topics include juvenile justice reform, juvenile drug courts, adolescent substance abuse treatment, positive youth development, and many more.

Reform Trends and Strategies
Source: Juvenile Justice Information Exchange
Description: This resource describes strategies, initiatives, and provides examples for creating reform in the juvenile justice system.

Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach
Source: OJJDP and National Research Council
Description: This book reviews recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence
Source: OJJDP
Description: Recommendations for working with children exposed to violence. Chapter six of the report is specifically about “Rethinking Our Juvenile Justice System.”
Report -
Message from Robert L. Listenbee (OJJDP) about Task Force Report -

Safe Humane Chicago
Description: With a focus on education, advocacy, and second chances for at-risk youth and animals, SHC was founded to make communities safer by reducing violence for our children and companion animals. Four key programs: Lifetime Bonds; Youth Leaders; Collaborative Justice; and Community Outreach.

Stories of Change Among Justice-Involved American Indian Youth
Source: RTI International
Description: From the Cross-Site Evaluation of OJJDP’s Tribal Green Reentry Program.

Trauma and Resilience: A New Look at Legal Advocacy for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems
Source: Juvenile Law Center
Description: A report outlining of how to use research on trauma to advocate for youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.

Trauma-Informed System of Care
Source: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Description: 10 key principles for a trauma-informed system of care

Trauma-Informed Care
Source: Florida Department of Juvenile Justice
Description: Florida Department of Juvenile Justice made a commitment to integrate trauma-informed practices in 2009. This site provides training information and some resources to support this intention.
Webinars, Presentations, and Resources -
Roadmap to System Excellence -

Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Training and Technical Assistance Center (TJDR)
Source: Tribal Reentry and OJJDP
Description: A resource center for tribes operating juvenile detention centers or who are interested in improving their juvenile justices systems.

Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates
Source: Safe Start Center
Description: Explains guidelines for creating a trauma-informed legal practice that works with children.

Voices From the Field: Findings From the NGI Listening Sessions
Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency and OJJDP
Description: This small sampling of comments represents what justice system-involved girls, their parents, and staff, respectively, shared during listening sessions held nationwide by the National Girls Institute (NGI).
Findings -
Executive summary -

When the Cure Makes You Ill: Seven Core Principles to Change the Course of Youth Justice
Source: New York Law School Law Review
Description: This 41-page report highlights seven core principles of youth justice reform. It proceeds in seven sections, each corresponding to one principle. Each section introduces a principle, describes how the status quo’s failure to adopt that principle is causing harm, and briefly articulates policy solutions grounded in the relevant principle.

Young Adult Outcomes of Girls Involved in Juvenile Justice System: Distinct Patterns of Risk and Protection
Source: National Institute on Corrections
Description: Research article.

Youth in Minnesota Correctional Facilities and the Effects of Trauma: Responses to the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey
Source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety Office of Justice Programs
Description: A survey youth in correctional facilities in Minnesota, which looked at the prevalence of trauma in their lives and compared it to trauma experienced by mainstream. It also suggests trauma-informed initatives.

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